Introduction: Estimating body fat content has shown to better predict adiposity-related cardiovascular risk than the commonly used body mass index (BMI). The white-light 3D Body Volume Index Scanner (BVI) is a non-invasive device normally used in the clothing industry to asses body shapes and sizes. We assessed the hypothesis that volume obtained by BVI is comparable to the volume obtained by air displacement plethysmography (BodPod) (COSMED Concord, CA, USA) and thus capable of assessing body fat mass using the bicompartmental principles of body composition.
Methods: We compared BVI to BodPod, a validated bicompartmental method to assess body fat percent that uses pressure/volume relationships in isothermal conditions to estimate body volume. Volume is then used to calculate body density (BD) applying the formula density= Body mass/Volume. Body fat mass percentage is then calculated using the Siri formula (4.95/BD – 4.50) х 100.
Subjects were members of the Mayo Clinic Dan Abraham Healthy Living Center undergoing a wellness evaluation. Measurements from both devices were obtained the same day. A prediction model for total BodPod volume was developed using linear regression based on 80% of the observations (N=971), as follows: Predicted BodPod Volume (L) = 9.498 + 0.805*(BVI volume, L) - 0.0411*(Age, years) - 3.295*(Male=0, Female=1) + 0.0554*(BVI volume, L)*(Male=0, Female=1) + 0.0282*(Age, years)*(Male=0, Female=1). Predictions for BodPod volume based on the estimated model were then calculated for the remaining 20% (N=243) and compared to the volume measured by the BodPod.
Results: Mean (SEM) age was 41.5(0.41) years, 39.4% were men, weight 81.6(0.67) kg, BMI was 27.8 (0.20) kg/m2. Average difference between volume measured by BodPod- predicted volume by BVI was 0.0 L, median: -0.4 L, IQR: -1.8 L to 1.5 L. Average difference between Body fat % measured - predicted was -1%, median: -2.7%, IQR: -13.2 to 9.9, R2 = 0.9845 (Figure 1-A, B).
Conclusion: Body fat mass can be estimated using volume measurements obtained by a white- light 3D body scanner (Figure 1-A).
Abstract 215: Validation of a Simple White-light 3D Body Volume Scanner to Assess Body Composition | Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes